Architecture is a discipline that is very close to medical practice because it also requires both technical and humanistic expertise.
This concept is rooted in one of the founding texts of Western philosophy, the “Republic” of Plato. In this work, the city is described as a "pasture", i.e. a place of growth, which conditions and feeds the health of its inhabitants. Therefore, it must be organized and built in such a way as to be "nutritious and healthy". Plato declares that "builders and architects must also be educated and controlled" so that "bad weeds" do not grow in the pastureland with the consequence of poisoning the citizens, of making them sick and depressed instead of making them prosper.
Plato's message was that in order to achieve the health of the city, understood as a place of habitation and relations, the disciplines that physically organize the territory and the living space, which are a common good, and whose care must be the main objective of the activities dedicated to design and construction, must, therefore, be regulated and monitored.
It is a text written about two thousand four hundred years ago, yet rich in very topical meanings that touch on two key concepts, from the ethical point of view of professional practice, which are
The theme of living is architecture as a therapy for space and the idea of architecture as a social device, able to trigger in a decisive way on man both well-being and malaise.